What size trolling motor for a 14 foot jon boat?

If you’re the proud owner of a 14-foot Jon boat, you know that it’s the perfect vessel for leisurely fishing trips, exploring calm waters, or just enjoying some quality time on the water. To maximize your boating experience, a trolling motor is a must-have accessory. But what size trolling motor do you need for your 14-foot Jon boat? That’s the question we’ll explore in this comprehensive guide.

The Importance of Choosing the Right Trolling Motor Size

Before diving into the specifics of trolling motor sizes, let’s understand why choosing the right one is crucial. A trolling motor is not just a means of propulsion; it significantly impacts your boat’s maneuverability, speed, and overall performance. A motor that’s too small may struggle to move your boat, especially in adverse conditions like strong currents or wind. On the other hand, a motor that’s too powerful can be overkill and may drain your battery quickly.

To ensure you have the most enjoyable and efficient boating experience, you need to find the perfect balance. Let’s break down the factors to consider when determining the ideal trolling motor size for your 14-foot Jon boat.

Considerations for what size trolling motor for a 14 foot jon boat

1. Boat Weight

The weight of your boat plays a critical role in determining the appropriate trolling motor size. A 14-foot Jon boat typically weighs between 200 to 400 pounds, depending on its construction material and any additional gear or accessories. To calculate the minimum thrust required for your boat, a general rule of thumb is:

  • For every 100 pounds of boat weight, you’ll need at least 2 pounds of thrust.

So, if your 14-foot Jon boat weighs 300 pounds without any added gear, you should aim for a trolling motor with a minimum thrust of 6 pounds. However, it’s advisable to go slightly higher to account for any unexpected conditions.

2. Water Conditions

Consider the type of water you’ll primarily be navigating. Trolling motors are designed for different water conditions, including freshwater and saltwater. If you plan to use your Jon boat in saltwater, make sure to choose a trolling motor specifically built for saltwater use, as regular freshwater models may corrode quickly in saltwater environments.

Additionally, think about the current and wind conditions in the areas you intend to explore. If you’ll be frequently dealing with strong currents or windy conditions, you’ll want a more powerful trolling motor to ensure you can maintain control and maneuver effectively.

3. Speed Requirements

Another crucial factor is the desired speed of your Jon boat. Trolling motors come in different speed options, typically ranging from 3 to 5 forward speeds and 2 to 3 reverse speeds. Consider your fishing style and the level of control you want over your boat’s speed. If you’re looking for precise speed adjustments for trolling, a motor with more speed options might be beneficial.

4. Battery Capacity

Your trolling motor’s performance is closely linked to your boat’s battery capacity. Trolling motors are powered by marine batteries, and the size and type of battery you choose can impact how long you can stay on the water. Larger trolling motors with higher thrust ratings tend to consume more battery power, so it’s essential to ensure your boat’s battery system can handle the motor’s requirements.

Trolling Motor Size Recommendations for 14-Foot Jon Boats

Now that you have a good understanding of the factors to consider, let’s provide some specific recommendations for trolling motor sizes based on different scenarios:

1. Minimum Trolling Motor Size

If you have a small 14-foot Jon boat that’s relatively lightweight and you’ll be navigating calm freshwater lakes or ponds, a trolling motor with a minimum thrust of 30-40 pounds should suffice. This will provide enough power for basic maneuverability and slow cruising.

2. Moderate Trolling Motor Size

For a 14-foot Jon boat that weighs closer to the 400-pound range and you plan to fish in a variety of conditions, a trolling motor with a thrust rating of 50-60 pounds is a good choice. This size offers better control and performance, even in moderate wind or current conditions.

3. Heavy-Duty Trolling Motor Size

If you have a fully loaded Jon boat, weigh closer to the higher end of the weight range, or regularly navigate areas with strong currents or wind, you should consider a trolling motor with a thrust rating of 70-80 pounds or more. These high-thrust motors will ensure you have the power and

  1. Consider a Variable Speed Motor: Variable speed trolling motors allow you to make fine adjustments to your speed, which can be particularly useful for fishing. They are often more energy-efficient, helping you get more runtime from your battery.
  2. Evaluate Shaft Length: The length of the trolling motor’s shaft is important. It should be long enough to immerse the propeller fully in the water but not so long that it’s prone to hitting obstacles or getting caught in weeds. Measure the distance from your boat’s transom (the flat back end) to the waterline to determine the appropriate shaft length.
  3. Choose a Trusted Brand: Stick with reputable brands known for their durability and customer support. Some well-known trolling motor manufacturers include Minn Kota, MotorGuide, and Newport Vessels.
  4. Consider Bow or Transom Mount: Trolling motors can be mounted on the bow (front) or transom (back) of your boat. Bow-mounted motors offer better control and maneuverability, while transom-mounted motors are simpler to install.
  5. Invest in Quality Batteries: Don’t overlook the importance of a good marine battery. Choose a deep-cycle marine battery with sufficient capacity to handle your trolling motor’s power requirements.
  6. Regular Maintenance: Keep your trolling motor in top condition by performing regular maintenance, including cleaning the propeller, checking electrical connections, and ensuring proper lubrication.


Selecting the right trolling motor size for your 14-foot Jon boat is a crucial decision that directly impacts your boating experience. Consider factors like boat weight, water conditions, speed requirements, and battery capacity when making your choice. Remember that it’s better to err on the side of slightly higher thrust to ensure you have the necessary power and control.

Ultimately, the perfect trolling motor size will vary from one boater to another based on their specific needs and preferences. Take the time to assess your requirements, and if possible, consult with experts or fellow boaters who have experience with similar setups. With the right trolling motor, you’ll be well-equipped to enjoy countless peaceful days on the water, whether you’re angling for your next big catch or simply relaxing in nature’s serenity.